There are many misconceptions in the society regarding infertility. Always blames women for their inability to conceive. While reproductive health is an important part of men’s overall health and well-being. Men are often overlooked in discussions of reproductive health, especially when fertility issues such as contraception and infertility are thought to belong to the woman. Men should take care of their reproductive health by taking a balanced diet, regular exercise and proper sleep.
According to WHO, the prevalence of infertility in the general population is 15 to 20 percent and male infertility contributes to 20 to 40 percent of this rate. According to the study, the prevalence of male infertility in India is around 23 percent. The bottom line is that male infertility in India has been increasing steadily over the years.
What is Infertility: VSM Head, Birla Fertility and IVF Dr. Prof. (Col) Pankaj Talwar explained that infertility occurs when women are not able to conceive or have trouble getting pregnant or staying pregnant. Fertility problems can occur in both men and women and there can be many reasons for this. Fertility usually declines in men by the age of 35, and the decline progresses from there. They are most capable between the ages of 30 and 35.
What is the cause of male infertility: Dr. Prof. According to (Col) Pankaj Talwar, there are many reasons for male infertility, ranging from defects in semen, low sperm count, abnormal function of spermatozoa to blockages or blockages in the passages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Such blockages can be caused by injury or infection in the genital tract. However, there may also be a number of external factors that contribute to infertility.
These include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet, lack of exercise, obesity, stress. In addition, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices can contribute to male infertility.
Which symptoms should be taken care of: According to Dr Pankaj, men should not hesitate to get treatment for problems related to sexual function. Difficulty ejaculating or ejaculating a small amount of fluid, decreased sexual desire or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction) can all contribute to a man’s decreased ability to function. Additionally, abnormalities such as pain, swelling or lumps in the testicle area need attention.
How to diagnose male infertility: Doctor Pankaj says that the sooner you go to the doctor and the treatment starts, the sooner your problem can be solved. Diagnosis begins with a complete medical history, physical examination, blood tests, general hormone tests and semen analysis.
Semen analysis can show the level of sperm production and sperm mortality (whether the sperm are functioning well and moving). Whatever the outcome, whether a semen test shows a low sperm count or no sperm count, there are many treatment options available.
Treatment of infertility in men: Quitting smoking and alcohol, lifestyle changes etc. are advised by health experts which control diabetes, obesity etc. In case of any infection in the reproductive tract, antibiotic treatment may be suggested. According to Dr Pankaj, treatment of sexual intercourse problems in the form of medication or counseling can help in improving fertility in conditions like erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation.
The most popular techniques of assisted reproduction for the treatment of male infertility include intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).