hear the news
In the midst of skyrocketing inflation, the scorching heat has given a big blow to the wheat production front. This year the country has witnessed the lowest wheat production in 20 years. Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have the highest production of wheat, but these states also experienced the wrath of heat. According to official post-harvest data released, these three states have recorded the biggest decline in wheat production in two decades.
In fact, in March itself, the temperature had reached more than 40 degree Celsius in many states. Due to this, the color of the stalks of wheat ripened in Punjab changed from golden yellow to brown, indicating crop failure. This loss is even bigger than in 2010 and 2019. In 2010 too, like this year, the country was reeling under severe heatwave and heat wave, affecting wheat production.
Although the heat and heat wave was less in 2019, the crop was damaged. Experts say the weather strikes on staple crops like wheat indicate a risk to long-term food security. Wheat growing areas may be affected geographically. If no measures are taken soon, the heat will increase further.
Low yields in these states, debt will increase on farmers
- Punjab : Wheat yield per hectare has come down by 20 per cent to 43 quintals. This is more than a drop of 8 per cent in 2010. Bathinda and Mansa saw the maximum decline of 30 per cent. Due to low yield, farmers have suffered a loss of Rs 12,000-15,000 per quintal, due to which the farmers are seen to be trapped in the quagmire of debt.
- Uttar Pradesh : Like Punjab, the crop yield in this big producing state has also declined by 18 per cent.
- Haryana : Wheat production has seen a big drop of 19 per cent due to scorching heat.
- Due to lower yields in all the three states, the Agriculture Ministry has reduced the production estimate by 5 per cent to 106.4 million tonnes from the initial estimate of 111.3 million tonnes. The actual figure may be even less.