The most commonly used plastic products include plastic products such as bags, packing film, foamed cups, bowls, plates, laminated bowls and plates, small plastic cups and containers. Their consumption is highest on a daily basis. In their place, the use of pottery can be beneficial in many ways.
The central government has banned many products made of plastic and thermocol from July 1. It is worth noting that earlier on 23 December 2019, plastic bags were banned. The Supreme Court has already directed the Central Government to ban plastic in view of increasing air, water and soil pollution. It was published in the gazette on June 18, 2021, after the Central Environment’s Forest and Climate Change Department took a decision to this effect on June 16, 2021.
On 15 December 2021, one hundred and eighty days after the publication of the Gazette, it was decided to ban many plastic products, but it was now implemented from July 1. This step of the central government has been taken in view of the prevention of climate crisis. While the government has made rules to implement it effectively, strict laws have also been made for those who violate these rules. Now it remains to be seen how much and how this new order is implemented and how strictly it is implemented in government and semi-government departments?
After the ban on single-use plastic and thermocol, the question is being raised again and again that what should be its alternative. However, finding alternatives and putting them into practice is not an impossible task. Apart from this, there is also a question related to the plastic products industries, which demands immediate and permanent solutions. As far as alternatives to plastic products are concerned, all the things used in the Indian cottage industry tradition like paper, fiber and pottery etc. can be included in this.
Plastic bags can be phased out on a large scale by promoting the use of paper bags. It is worth noting that Indian indigenous products also include utensils made through pottery art. These can be the best alternatives to the plastic products that cause the most harm to human civilization. The most commonly used plastic products include plastic products such as bags, packing film, foamed cups, bowls, plates, laminated bowls and plates, small plastic cups and containers. Their consumption is highest on a daily basis. In their place, the use of pottery can be beneficial in many ways.
Plastic has become a threat to the earth because it is not easily destroyed. Obviously, in such a situation, its waste will continue to increase. One estimate about plastic waste is that the amount of plastic waste in the world today can raise three mountains, the equivalent of three Mount Everest. The difficulty is that even ordinary plastic takes two hundred to five hundred years to decompose, far from being finished. Despite this, people are not getting rid of plastic products. The reason is clear that it is cheap and easily available everywhere.
Therefore, ignoring its toxicity, it is being used indiscriminately. The danger of plastic waste has also increased because eighty percent of it is going into the sea and the marine environment is deteriorating rapidly. Even the mammals found in the sea eat plastic and are becoming victims of premature death. It is estimated that about one lakh marine animals, including seals, whales, sea turtles, die every year by eating plastic. There is no count of fish.
Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, among the prevalent cottage industries in the country, the trend of fine earthen pots and leaves made of leaves has become a thing of the past. There is also a crisis of livelihood in front of the potters and the people of other communities associated with it. Significantly, the only means of livelihood of the people of Musahar caste has been making brooms from leaves of both leaves and dates. Due to their high consumption in the village and countryside, the families associated with it used to sell them in the villages or people used to buy them here. But in the changing times, the way urbanization and marketization has spread in the villages, since then there has been no need for pottery or pottery in the villages. There are many areas of the country where traditional employment is still in vogue. , but they have also become much less than before.
The reason for this is also the increasing trend of both paper and plastic utensils and utensils everywhere. It is also worth noting that the families which were associated with this business for the last eight-ten generations, are now compulsively engaged in other professions. Families who are still compulsively engaged in their traditional occupations face more serious problems. First of all there is shortage of raw material. While the potters have to face the crisis of soil, water, cow dung etc., the two-leaf makers do not get the leaves of the tree easily. Earlier, tree leaves were easily available from forests, but now due to government laws and restrictions, breaking leaves has also become a crime.
Initiatives have been taken to ban plastic bags, utensils and other products which are considered very harmful to the environment. But like other laws, the law banning the buying and selling of plastic products is not being given any attention. This is the reason why all types of plastic products are still being sold indiscriminately in other states including Delhi.
According to the figures of the central government, sixty five lakh families across the country are dependent on the pottery art. Similarly, about one lakh Musahar families are still engaged in the traditional work of making two leaves. In Delhi itself, about one and a half thousand families are associated with pottery art, but they do not get soil, water and other things used in it easily. Secondly, due to the abundance of single-use plastics and being cheap, the consumption of pottery is very less. People also avoid clay products due to the luster of plastic and the habit of throwing it away. Whereas the use of pottery does not cause any harm to the environment and there is no risk of any kind of disease.
The water of wells and canals in towns and villages is also getting polluted due to the abundance of hundreds of plastic products. Due to this the water sources have started becoming poisonous and people are suffering from many diseases. According to a survey, after the seventies, the use of plastic increased rapidly in urban, rural and urban areas and became the cause of many diseases. From this it can be estimated that if we start using products made of clay instead of plastic, then how big and serious problems can be overcome. The crisis is not about the alternatives to plastic, but the will to figure out how to get rid of it.